By James Legge; Fa-Hien
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Additional info for A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms. Being an account by the Chinese Monk Fa-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline.
H wuy-king, Hwuy-tah, and Tdo-ching went on ahead towards (the place of) Buddha’s shadow in the country of N igara 3 ; but Fd-hien and the others remained in Woo-chang, and kept the summer retreat4. That over, they descended south, and arrived in the country of Soo-ho-to 6. 1 Bhikshu is the name for a monk as *living by alms/ a mendicant. All bh iksh us call themselves ^ramans. Sometimes the two names are used together by our author. 3 Ndga is the Sanskrit name for the Chinese lung or dragon; often meaning a snake, especially the boa.
Carving and inlaid work, covered above with gold and silver, and finished throughout with a combination of all the precious substances. Behind the tope there has been built a H all of Buddha \ of the utmost magni ficence and beauty, the beams, pillars, venetianed doors, and windows being all overlaid with gold-leaf. Besides this, the apartments for the monks are imposingly and elegantly decorated, beyond the power of words to express. O f whatever things of highest value and preciousness the kings in the six countries on the east of the (Ts'ung) range of mountains 2 are possessed, they contribute the greater portion (to this monastery), using but a small portion of them them selves3.
3 Eitel and others identify this with Darada, the country of the ancient Dardae, the region near Dardus; lat. , Ion. 730 5 ^ E. See E. , p. 30. I am myself in more than doubt on the point. Cunningham (* Ancient Geography of India/ p. * But as I read our narrative, Fa-hien is here on the eastern bank of the Indus, and only crosses to the western bank as described in the next chapter. 5 L o-h an , A rhat, A ra h at are all designations of the perfected Arya, the disciple who has passed the different stages of the Noble Path, or eightfold T H E F IG U R E OF M A IT R E Y A .
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms. Being an account by the Chinese Monk Fa-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline. by James Legge; Fa-Hien