By Hirakawa Akira, Paul Groner
This complete and specified survey of the 1st six centuries of Indian Buddhism sums up the result of a life of examine and mirrored image via one among Japan's most famous students of Buddhism. hoping on Pali and Sanskrit assets and on inscriptions from archaeological websites and chinese language translations of Indian texts, Hirakawa balances his evaluate of early Buddhist doctrinal improvement with large dialogue of old heritage and the evolution of Buddhist associations. The inclusion of jap and Western language bibliographies including an intensive bibliographic essay by way of the translator may still make this quantity particularly priceless as an advent to a wide corpus of eastern scholarship on Buddhism that's nonetheless now not widely recognized within the West.
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Additional resources for A History of Indian Buddhism: From Sakyamuni to Early Mahayana (Asian Studies at Hawaii)
132-46. 5. D. Whitehouse and A. Williamson, 'Sassanian Maritime Trade~pp. 29-32. 6. The political rivalry between Rome and Persia played a vital role in shaping the religious policy of the Sassanids. When the Christians were persecuted in Rome till the proclamation of the Edict of Milan in AD 313, there was complete freedom for the Christians ofSassanid Persia. The church of Persia had during this period developed an episcopal structure with the bishop of the capital city 0£SeleuciaCtesiphon as the primate.
Thomas Christians and the Indian Ocean~ pp. 186-7, 202. SO. For details on these Christian merchant guilds see Meera Abraham, Two MedievalMerchantGuildsof South India, New Delhi, 1988. Only Manigramam and Anjuvannam had the right to impose customs in the town of Qµilon. A. Gopinatha Rao, TravancoreArchaeological Series,vol. II, Madras, 1916, pp. Joseph, 'The Malabar Christian Copper-Plates~ in Kerala SocietyPapers,vol. I, Thiruvananthapuram, 1997, pp. 201-4. SL Later in 1503 Francisco de Albuquerque bought 4,000 bhars of well-dried pepper from the traders of the merchant guild Korran.
Al Idrisi (AD 1162) gives a vivid account of the city and port of Sindabur, which could be reached by a journey of four days from Broach. He writes, ' Sindabur is situated on a great gulf where ships cast anchor. It is a commercial town and contains fine buildings and rich bazaars: 14 He also highlights the coastal trade relations, which Sindabur had with Tana (Thana), and Baruj (Broach). Sindabur was an important trade centre for the Arabs even in the thirteenth century as is evident from the account of Abul Fida, who speaks ofSindabur's contacts with Manjruth (Mangalore).
A History of Indian Buddhism: From Sakyamuni to Early Mahayana (Asian Studies at Hawaii) by Hirakawa Akira, Paul Groner