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By H. N. Van Der Tuuk (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9401767076

ISBN-13: 9789401767071

ISBN-10: 9401767785

ISBN-13: 9789401767781

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Sample text

30 IX). Where, as closers, they would occur, their place is taken by an edged consonant or, occasionally, by a homorganic nasal (30 VI Obs. 1). 8. The n is writrt:en as closer before dj illiSitead of a nj (in M. then it naturally becomes homorganic with that consonant and thus sounds like nj, which is an indivisible sound; the j of the transliteration is not audible. That nj, either as a beginner, or between two vowels, cannot be pronounced, appears from its name nija instead of nja (2). In: Dairi, this letter is not even in the alphabet (cf.

II. Batak, as the language of an uncivilized people, is especially poor in words which can expr·ess the general, and very rich in those that define the particular. For example, it has no word for monkey in 1 See 7 NOTE. See 30 XIV NOTE 3. a See 30 XII NOTE, XIV NOTES 1, 2 and 3. 4 See 30 XI NOTES 1 and 2, XIII NOTE 1. 2 5 See 24 NOTE 3. INTRODUCTION XLVII general, but it has a name for each particular kind of monkey. 6 The conunon word for the general is derived from the specific - the word for bird, for example, is derived from fowl 7 - which can be said of all languages.

7 So one also finds in his book nothing said of the meaning of ku-parbuwat, kow-bari, and so on, so that it is no wonder that he renders parbuwatkan aku as may he ~ke for me (p. 114). To explain the prefix pa he undertakes a journey to the Far East and there finds on a Httle island a word meaning "walled place" (p. 56). I hope that in a second edition, which is possible for him as a learned chair-holder, he will see that he has made a futile journey and would have done betJter had he had :the politeness to condescend to visit the nextdoor neighbours.

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A Grammar of Toba Batak by H. N. Van Der Tuuk (auth.)

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