A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 by John Murphy PDF

By John Murphy

An honest Provision is a story background of ways and why Australia outfitted a particular welfare regime within the interval from the 1870s to 1949. firstly of this era, the Australian colonies have been belligerently insisting they have to now not have a bad legislations, but had reproduced some of the platforms of charitable provision in Britain. via the beginning of the 20th century, a mix of prolonged suffrage, easy salary law and the elderly pension had resulted in a name as a 'social laboratory'. And but part a century later, Australia was once a 'welfare laggard' and the hard work Party's welfare country of the mid-1940s used to be a comparatively modest and parsimonious development. versions of welfare according to social coverage have been vigorously rejected, and the Australian procedure persevered on a direction of hugely residual, distinct welfare funds.

The e-book explains this curious and halting trajectory, displaying how offerings made in previous many years limited what might be performed, and what should be imagined. according to broad new study from various fundamental assets it makes an important contribution to common historic debates, in addition to to the sector of comparative social coverage.

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Kewley, Social Security in Australia, 1900–72 (Sydney; 1973), chapter 1. 24 Second Report of the Commission Appointed, [NSWPP, 1873–4], pp. 64, 118. 21 22 A Decent Provision 16 subsidies that were being provided to these organizations, and in both cases these recommendations came to nothing. That argument was revisited during the 1890s, when Royal Commission reports in 1891 in Melbourne, and in 1898 in Sydney, proposed systematic reforms of what had now become a more complex system; we have already met the Sydney commissioners visiting the Rocks and recording their impressions.

The commission also proposed a substantial administrative reform of the charitable system in Victoria. The colony should be divided into districts, with a board elected by the municipalities in that district; these boards would allocate government and local funds on a more systematic basis. 34 They proposed a Central Board of Charity, with ‘entire control’ of the allocation of government grants. They wanted to remove the government grant from the distorted and sometimes corrupt effects of political influence, while also making expenditure accountable.

14 Settler societies in Australia and New Zealand abhorred the Poor Law, and chose to believe that the conditions in the new world must be better than in the old. But by focusing on different aspects of a complicated Poor Law inheritance they Thomson, A World without Welfare, p. 18. ’, p. 130. 12 Anthony Trollope, Australia (St Lucia, 1967 [first publ. 1873]), p. 709. 13 Quoted in Stuart Macintyre, Winners and Losers: The Pursuit of Social Justice in Australian History (Sydney, 1985), p. 61. 14 William Pember Reeves, State Experiments in Australia and New Zealand, Vol 1 (South Melbourne, 1969 [first publ.

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A Decent Provision: Australian Welfare Policy, 1870 to 1949 by John Murphy


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